By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the USA and Europe. After the death of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic significance has replaced yet no longer decreased. at the present time Turkey is dealing with a very varied overseas and safety coverage setting. although, Turkey can also be present process impressive inner switch. Many demonstrated political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more wondered through a growing to be a part of its humans. primarily, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the talk approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement through adapting their regulations. not anything below a re-assessment and, finally, a re-orientation in family with either the us and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This booklet undertakes a finished evaluation and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers components of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic companion.
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Additional resources for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
The Party System: Old Dynamics in a New Guise After the September 1980 coup the military leadership tried to stabilize Turkey's political system by introducing a new constitution and reshaping the party system. What the military had in mind was to establish a two-party system consisting of a strong center-right and a strong center-left party that would compete for power. In parliament a stable majority-based government would be controlled by a strong opposition that would have a real chance of replacing the government in elections.
14 The parties are strongly leader oriented and directed. Sometimes all the candidates for national parliamentary elections are hand picked by the party leader and his or her closest aides. As a consequence a politician's career does not normally depend on his or her ideological or social position nor on a personal political posture. It depends mostly on the favoritism of the party leader. Nor are local constituencies or embeddedness in local or regional party organizations important for a politician's position in the national party organization.
23 percent in the national elections of April 18, 1999. Within a decade, the central pillar of Turkey's political development in the multiparty era has been considerably weakened. A similar development caused by a division of political forces can be found in the moderate-left political camp. 2011 04:21:55 page_27 < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 which had remained victorious in the complicated process of regrouping the various social-democratic parties that had emerged in connection with or after the 1983 elections.