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Additional info for A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923
However, Ali Tekin died soon after and most likely Yusuf Yınal was killed by Ali Tekin’s commander-inchief and regent. It is thought he may have been a Baran and possibly the last known Oguz yabgu’s son, Shah-Malik’s brother. Driven out of Transoxania, the Seljuqs are said to have been attacked and badly depleted by Shah-Malik en route to Khwarazm. Soon after Shah-Malik’s dawn raid, the Khwarazmshah Harun was assassinated on the orders of Mahmud’s son, Sultan Mascud. Having lost both their allies in quick succession and possibly under threat from the Oguz yabgu’s descendants, the Seljuqs crossed into Khurasan (1035), requesting pasturage from Sultan Mascud where his father Mahmud had tried to settle Arslan Beg’s affiliates, the so-called Türkmen of Iraq.
It would seem that Tutuş failed, not because of his harsh character, but because Sultan Malik-Shah’s former commanders thought the youthful Sultan BerkYaruk more malleable. Another factor appears to have been Tutuş’ low opinion of Nizam al-Mulk’s sons and sons-in-law.
However, when he defected to Berk-Yaruk, he was strangled or possibly even decapitated by Aksungur and Bozan (August–September 1093). If true, it seems ironic that Köymen thought Aksungur and Bozan left Tutuş because they considered him harsh. More likely their enmity stemmed from when Aksungur and Bozan had been assigned to Tutuş to help regain Syria and Palestine from the resurgent Fatimids. Aksungur had lifted the siege of Tripoli on grounds that the city had proclaimed its allegiance to Sultan Malik-Shah.