African Cultural Heritage Conservation and Management: by Susan Osireditse Keitumetse

By Susan Osireditse Keitumetse

For decades, source conservationists have considered environmental conservation as synonymous with barren region and flora and fauna assets merely, oblivious to the contributions made via cultural and history assets. even if, cultural background assets in lots of elements of the constructing global are steadily changing into key in social (e.g. groups’ identities and museums), financial (heritage tourism and eco-tourism), academic (curriculum development), civic (intergenerational awareness), and overseas assets administration (e.g. UNESCO). In universities, African cultural background assets are dealing with a problem of being introduced into a number of educational discourses and syllabi in a slightly reactive and/or haphazard process, leading to failure to totally handle and examine those assets’ conservation must make sure that their use in a number of structures and by way of numerous stakeholders is sustainable. This e-book seeks to put African cultural historical past reviews and conservation practices inside of a global and sleek global discourse of conservation through providing its diversified topics and themes which are vital for the advance of the broader box of cultural history reports and management.

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1 Sustainable Development and Related Issues Sustainable development (SD) is a broad policy framework that provides guidelines towards the equitable use of biophysical resources as well as emphasises equal access by all. The literature on sustainable development identifies two broad categories of SD known as weaker and stronger sustainability. The former is popularly attributed to development, while the latter is commonly attributed to the environment (cf. Williams and Millington 2004). The two most operating concepts of sustainable development (SD) are ‘needs’ and ‘limitations’ (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987: 44).

Already, natural resources have certification mechanisms that cultural heritage managers can benchmark on. Existing certification models are outlined. Examples of processes that can constitute standard setting in cultural resources management are world heritage listing process, inventorying process, Environmental Impact Assessment, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Archaeological Impact Assessment, Social Impact Assessment, limits of acceptable change (LAC) and tourism eco-certification, amongst others.

Types of heritages (tangible and intangible) are described and their value frameworks discussed with a bearing on sources (landscapes) and stakeholders such as communities, governments and institutions. Chapter 2: International Conventions as Frameworks of Management and Identity for African Cultural Heritage International interventions relating to the management of cultural and heritage resources are discussed and their implications on African heritage resources analysed. Conventions include those from United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and International Labour Organization (ILO), amongst others.

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