By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, below the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in keeping with a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the impressive in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused excessive condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from approved international relations. thoughts of the Crusades have been, in the end, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the next wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. counting on modern Ottoman and French assets, it offers the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early sleek period. the result's crucial studying for college kids and students of eu historical past, Ottoman reviews, and of relatives among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra info for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
Charles and François each blamed the other for the Ottoman victory in Hungary. In November 1526 when John Zapolya, a Hungarian noble, was crowned king of Hungary, all the members of the league of Cognac accepted this, but Ferdinand invaded Hungary, and in November 1527 he was crowned king. Süleyman claimed that the crown of Hungary belonged to him by right of conquest, but he supported Zapolya against the Habsburg Ferdinand. A treaty of friendship was concluded between Zapolya and Süleyman in February 1528, although Ferdinand also sent an embassy to Süleyman in May 1528 to arrange a truce.
The two volume history, in planning from 1642 but not produced until 1662, includes previously published works by other authors concerning the Turks. indd 19 4/15/2011 7:43:17 PM 20 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL the Ottomans and the French. For example, Merzerai elaborates for more than a page on why the French had allied with the Ottomans in 1625. He accuses the Habsburgs of envying the relationship between France and the Ottomans. ‘The Spanish, perpetual enemies of this state [France] ... complain ...
Indd 28 4/20/2011 2:58:54 PM OTTOMAN INVOLVEMENT IN EUROPEAN A LLIANCES 29 The threat that both the Ottomans and the French posed to peace in Italy intensified diplomacy, as the rulers of the Italian states looked for possible allies since they anticipated conflicts with France, the Ottoman Empire, or their Italian neighbors. Lodovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, was accused of encouraging Bayezid to attack Venice. When Sforza informed Venice that he wanted to unite Italy against the Ottomans, he also informed Bayezid that the Venetians were bringing the French to Italy and that Louis XII planned to attack Ottoman territories in Greece after conquering Italy.