By Russil Durrant
Crime is a subject that's of substantial curiosity to policy-makers, politicians and
the public alike. we wish to be aware of what elements can clarify the character and
prevalence of crime in society and use this data to higher enhance techniques for handling felony behaviour.
This booklet presents a complete assessment of methods to realizing crime and legal behaviour, with a spotlight on mental views. a variety of sorts of felony behaviour are thought of, together with juvenile crime, violent offending, sexual offending, collective violence and drug use. for every form of offence a transparent evaluation of key conceptual and methodological concerns is supplied, in addition to an in depth attention of the foremost theoretical techniques which have been built. The e-book concludes via contemplating how our theoretical knowing of crime can tell our responses to legal behaviour when it comes to punishment, prevention and rehabilitation.
Key beneficial properties of the e-book include:
• an in-depth insurance of a wide variety of alternative kinds of felony behaviour;
• inclusion of a various variety of other theoretical perspectives;
• accessibly written, with huge use of case stories, packing containers and activities;
• an intensive use of up to date references that spotlight the present nation of data within the box of felony psychology.
This e-book may be of curiosity to scholars, lecturers, researchers and practitioners with an curiosity in felony behaviour, and is especially compatible for undergraduate classes in legal psychology, forensic psychology and mental criminology.
Read Online or Download An Introduction to Criminal Psychology PDF
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Criminal Psychology
For British readers, Newburn (2007) is hard to beat; Walsh and Ellis (2007) provide, in my view, the best US-orientated textbook, and Walters and Bradley (2005) do a good job on presenting a New Zealand perspective on criminology. For those wanting yet more detail on criminological theories, the recent edited volume by McLaughlin and Newburn (2010) provides a wide-ranging collection of different perspectives. Understanding criminal behaviour 41 Key concepts active rGE natural selection adaptations neurons amygdala neurotransmitters behavioural genetics official crime statistics big five personality traits parental investment cerebral cortex passive rGE crime pattern theory PEN model criminal psychology prefrontal cortex culture proximate explanations dark figure of crime rational choice theory deindividuation risk seeking delay gratification routine activities theory distal explanations self-control dopamine self-regulation dopaminergic system sensation-seeking evocative rGE serotonergic system evolutionary psychology serotonin executive functioning sexual selection gene–environment correlation social learning gene–environment interaction social structure general strain theory sub-cultures heritability synapse terminal buttons hormones testosterone impulsivity victim surveys levels of analysis 2 Juvenile delinquency and developmental theories of crime At the tender age of 13, Bailey Junior Kurariki became New Zealand’s youngest individual to be charged with homicide.
Although initial formulations of social learning theory focussed very much on the learning of behaviour per se, more recent developments emphasise that individuals also learn values, attitudes, beliefs, scripts and other such cognitions that influence behavioural responses. The idea of social learning is prominent in many theoretical approaches to understanding criminal behaviour and, as we will see in later chapters, it has been used to further our understanding of a diverse range of crime from domestic violence to terrorism (Akers and Jensen, 2010).
In short, people differ in terms of their personality characteristics or traits. How might these differences potentially relate to differences in the potential for criminal and antisocial behaviour? Two main types of approach have dominated the literature. The first type of approach looks broadly at models of personality based on multiple, essential traits, whereas the second type of approach focuses more narrowly on specific personality traits or characteristics. In both approaches the primary task has been to explore the extent to which certain personality characteristics are related to criminal behaviour.