By Dror Zeevi
According to micro-level learn of the District of Jerusalem, this booklet addresses the most an important questions about the Ottoman empire in a time of drawback and disorientation: decline and decentralization, the increase of the outstanding elite, the urban-rural-pastoral nexus, agrarian family and the encroachment of ecu economic system. while it paints a vibrant photograph of existence in an Ottoman province. by means of integrating courtroom checklist, petitions, chronicles or even neighborhood poetry, the publication recreates a ancient international that, although lengthy vanished, has left an indelible imprint at the urban of Jerusalem and its atmosphere.
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Extra info for An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History)
Special teams of investigation, made up of the local police officer (subashi), the court summons officer (muhdir bashi) and court scribes, were sent to investigate crimes and filed reports. 57 Other affairs were conducted in the court building itself. Court cases ranged from theft and murder, to requests for welfare charity and child custody. Contracts and sales deeds were signed in the presence of the qadi and his aides, Marriage agreements were recorded, and divorce cases settled. Representatives of the population came to court to protest against corruption and misrule, and local governors chose the same establishment to convene notables and plebs.
During that time their relations gradually developed through marriage, political alliances and economic transactions. In the second half of the century, they became one extended dynasty. This chapter describes the local dynasties, their relations with each other and with the Ottoman center, their culture, and their final dissolution in the 1670s. Their disappearance towards the end of the century had a lasting effect on society and politics in the region. The Rise of Local Dynasties The Ridwans The house of Ridwan was the most prestigious and influential of all dynasties in the southwestern districts of the province of Damascus.
The area actually under the governor's jurisdiction had shrunk considerably, even within his appointed district. 4 As the systems internal logic slowly faded away, any position in government centers or in the provinces could serve as a springboard to the position of district governor. Whereas in the past every candidate had to present a record of service in junior government positions, now a prospective governor was not required to show any previous experience. Inexperienced sons of ümera, and those related to patrons in the imperial center, were given governorships in major districts.