# Analyses of Aircraft Responses to Atmospheric Turbulence by W.H.J.J. Van Staveren

By W.H.J.J. Van Staveren

It is a Ph.D. dissertation. The reaction of airplane to stochastic atmospheric turbulence performs an incredible position in, for instance, airplane layout (load calculations) and flight simulation (handling characteristics study and pilot training). so one can simulate those airplane responses, a correct mathematical version is needed. classical versions should be mentioned during this thesis that's the Delft college of know-how (DUT) version and the 4 element plane (FPA) version. even supposing they're good demonstrated, their constancy continues to be vague. The reason lies in a single of the necessities for procedure id; it has continually been essential to relate inputs to outputs to figure out, or determine, process dynamic features. From experiments, utilizing either the measured enter and the measured output, a mathematical version of any approach may be obtained.When contemplating an input-output approach reminiscent of an airplane subjected to stochastic atmospheric turbulence, a tremendous challenge emerges. in the course of flight exams, no functional trouble arises measuring the aircraft-system's outputs, equivalent to the angle-of-attack, the pitch-angle, the roll-angle, and so forth. despite the fact that, an enormous challenge arises while the enter to the aircraft-system is taken into account; this enter is stochastic atmospheric turbulence during this thesis. presently, it nonetheless is still tremendous tough to spot the whole flowfield round an aircraft's geometry subjected to a turbulent box of stream; an enormous volume of sensors will be required to spot the atmospheric turbulence pace component's distribution (the enter) over it. as a result, it's tricky, if now not most unlikely, to spot atmospheric turbulence types from flight assessments.

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Additional resources for Analyses of Aircraft Responses to Atmospheric Turbulence

Example text

The panel frame of reference FP For each individual panel with corner points [x1k , y1k , z1k ]T , [x2k , y2k , z2k ]T , [x3k , y3k , z3k ]T and [x4k , y4k , z4k ]T , a Panel Frame of Reference FP is established in the frame Faero . 4. 7 FP is also shown for an isolated panel. 6: Position of collocation points [xcolk , ycolk , zcolk ]T (left) and a magnification of a single panel’s collocation point including its panel corner points #1, #2, #3 and #4 in the Aerodynamic Frame of Reference Faero (right).

In order to solve Laplace’s equation with given boundary conditions, LPF theory is used. In the case of steady LPF methods, the configuration of interest is at rest and is submerged in a moving airflow. The configuration may be considered as a 3D aircraft, or a 3D wing, in a flow domain of interest. This configuration is described in an Aerodynamic Frame of Reference Faero of which details are given in Appendix B. This frame of reference remains fixed to the configuration. 2 a configuration submerged in a fluid flow is schematically depicted for a 2D aerofoil.

2 Short summary of steady linearized potential flow theory 37 the quadri-lateral doublet-panel and the quadri-lateral source panel. Both the doubletstrength (µ) and the source-strength (σ) are taken to be constant over a panel. Therefore, the panel-method used in this thesis is a “low-order” panel method, see also references [8, 9, 10, 11, 12]. The steady Linearized Potential Flow model, as used in this chapter, will be extended to an unsteady Linearized Potential flow model in chapter 4. 1 Flow equations In this section a short summary of the applied Linearized Potential Flow theory will be given.