Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey by Graeme Hirst (auth.)

By Graeme Hirst (auth.)

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2-76) Ross d o e s n o t like l y c h e e s with i c e c r e a m . 9. Proactions When u s e d i n c o n j u n c t i o n with so, i t o r d e m o n s t r a t i v e s , do c a n r e f e r e n c e ACTIONS i n a m a n n e r w h i c h is a l m o s t p r o s e n t e n t i a l . C o n s i d e r : ( 2 - 7 7 ) D a r y e l f r e q u e n t l y goes to t h e c u p b o a r d , w h e r e he s e c r e t l y p o u r s h i m s e l f a g l a s s of C o i n t r e a u . He d r i n k s it i n o n e gulp. S u e d o e s i t too, b u t less d i s c r e e t l y .

56From: The Vancoz~ver exp~-ess, 9 March I979, page A5. 57Slightly modified from: Sherman, Craig. [Letter]. T~rne, t 1/(20), 15 May 1978. 2. G A m b i g u i t y i n a n a p h o v a a n d d e f a u l t a n t e c e d e n t s ANAPHORA A m b i g u i t y m a y a r i s e o n l y a f t e r a n o t h e r a n a p h o r is r e s o l v e d . 120) ( a f t e r G r i n d e r a n d P o s t a l 1971): (2-120) 31 The t e x t (2- R o s s l o v e s h i s wife a n d D a r y e l d o e s too. is a m b i g u o u s a s t o w h o s e wife D a r y e l l o v e s - h i s own o r R o s s ' s ; t h a t is, w h e n does is m a c r o - e x p a n d e d ( H i r s t 1976b) as loves his w i f e , t h e h i s is a m b i g u o u s .

1), b u t it w o r k s on t h e s y n t a c t i c a n d s e m a n t i c l e v e l r a t h e r t h a n a t t h e m o r e s u p e r f i c i a l l e v e l of l e x i e a l m a t c h i n g w i t h a l i t t l e a d d e d s y n t a x . It s u f f e r s h o w e v e r f r o m t h e s a m e b a s i c l i m i t a t i o n , n a m e l y t h a t it c a n only r e s o l v e a n a p h o r s w h e r e t h e a n t e c e d e n t is of a s i m i l a r s t r u c t u r e . N e i t h e r (3-13) n o r (3-14), for e x a m p l e , c o u l d h a v e b e e n u s e d as t h e s e c o n d s e n t e n c e of (3-12): (3-13) Give m e t h e o x y g e n o n e s .

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