By Gan Fuxi
The Silk highway is a major artery connecting Europe and Asia for political, low cost, cultural and technical trade in antiquity, and glass is without doubt one of the earliest man made fabrics to be invented. learning the starting place and evolution of historical glass alongside the Silk highway is therefore major for realizing the improvement and alternate of tradition and expertise among China and abroad.
This ebook, for the 1st time, strains the beginning, evolution and spreading of historical chinese language glass expertise. It collects a wealth of information contributed through chinese language and international specialists in regards to the historical past and historical past, visible features and chemical compositions of the unearthed historic glasses from alongside the Northern (Oasis) Silk highway, specifically from the Xinjiang Province (known because the Western sector in historical times). The publication provides new result of the experiences on historic glasses alongside the Southern and Sea Silk Roads, and discusses the impact of the Silk highway on historic chinese language glass know-how and paintings.
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The spectrum in Fig. 3(a) is quite similar to that in Fig. 3(b), which confirms that the glass inlaid in Yue King Goujian’s sword belongs to the same glass system. We have never seen the same chemical composition system in ancient glasses of Egypt and Babylon. 4. Condition and chemical composition of most early alkali-lime-silicate glasses found in Henan and Hubei. A. Condition of glass samples HB-1 HB-3 HB-6 Name of tomb Unearthing site Description of sample Xujialing Chu tomb No. 1 Jiudian Tomb M533 Zenghou Yi tomb Xichuan, Henan Jiangling, Hubei White eye in blue bead body (frit) Broken blue bead piece Suixian, Hubei Small blue glass piece Date Early Warring States (500–400 BC) Warring States (400–300 BC) Late Spring and Autumn to Warring States (500–400 BC) B.
2 shows the analytical results of those frit beads and tubes. 3). The SiO2 content (weight) in the faience is higher than 90%, and a little amount of alkali oxides (R2O), such as Na2O and K2O, is present. 14 R. 2 shows the ratio relationship of K2O and Na2O contents in Chinese faience and in Egypt faience. Plant ash could be used as a flux agent for faience making. It was also used in making protoporcelain glaze in China, so its ratio of K2O/Na2O > 1 too. 1. Chemical composition of liuli beads (faience) of the Zhou Dynasty.
F. X. ), Study on Ancient Glasses Along the Silk Road — Proceedings of the 2004 Urumchi Symposium on Ancient Glasses in Northern China, and 2005 Shanghai International Workshop of Archaeology of Glass (Fudan University Press, Shanghai, 2007), in Chinese. 13. F. X. , Development of Chinese Ancient Glass (Shanghai Science and Technology Publishers, Shanghai, 2005), in Chinese. 14. X. F. Fu and F. X. Gan, Chinese faience and frit, J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. (in Chinese) 34, 4, 35–39 (2006). 15. R. , Brill, Chemical composition of a faience bead from China, J.