Approaching Ottoman History: An Introduction to the Sources by Suraiya Faroqhi

By Suraiya Faroqhi

Излагая методы, пользуясь которыми, для интерпретации истории Османской империи можно использовать первичные и вторичные источники, автор обращается к студентам и исследователям в этой и смежной областях и дисциплинах, чтобы облегчить знакомство с такими документами. Рассматривая как архивные, так и нарративные источники, автор объясняет, как они подготавливались, чтобы убедить читателей применять критический подход к их данным, и не считать априори, что всё зарегистрированное в официальных документах является обязательно точным или даже истинным. В то время как книга, по существу, может использоваться в качестве руководство по сложной дисциплине для начинающих исследователей, опытные тюркологи могут найти в ней много новых и провокационных интерпретаций.Образцы сканов:

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Even if one is not willing to go that far, it is difficult to assume that we are getting anywhere near to‘objective reality’, whatever that may be. At the very best, we can engage in a dialogue with our fellow scholars and our students, and occasionally with creative writers and film-makers as well. In the process of this dialogue, we may be able to eliminate a multitude of naivete´s and misconceptions, even though we probably introduce others in our turn. According to such a conception of the historian’s craft, the observation that a given researcher has based him/herself entirely on primary sources is not high praise.

Taken by itself, the Arabic alphabet is not really difficult to learn. But it does take some time before one can recognise the words even of 32 APP R OAC HI N G OTT OM AN H I S TORY a text in Ottoman-Turkish posing no linguistic problems when they appear in this unfamiliar guise. Many Middle Eastern Studies Departments teach this skill in special courses. Finally there are facsimile editions which reproduce manuscripts photomechanically. These may be read with relative ease if the texts in question are books or treatises, as the characters used by the scribes who wrote down literary texts are often similar to those encountered in printed works.

However in chapters 2, 3 and 6 this arrangement, when first attempted, resulted in a rather artificial text, and these chapters have been rewritten as ordinary surveys. Topics have been selected according to my own interests and areas of competence, and I must stress once again that there is no claim to exhaustiveness. Political nd military history have been downplayed, obviously not because they lack importance. But personal competence apart, I have tried to provide a counterweight to the still rather widespread notion of the Ottoman Empire as a perfect war machine governed by an upper class totally uninterested in economic problems.

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