Argument: Critical Thinking, Logic, and the Fallacies, by John Woods, Andrew Irvine, Douglas Walton

By John Woods, Andrew Irvine, Douglas Walton

This textual content is designed for the severe pondering and good judgment classes present in philosophy and common schooling departments at either universities and colleges.

The most unusual characteristic of the textual content is its good starting place in common sense. The dialogue of fallacies is built-in with good judgment in a manner now not visible in different texts. This therapy offers scholars with instruments to judge their very own and different peoples considering logically in addition to research and investigate an argument.

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Extra info for Argument: Critical Thinking, Logic, and the Fallacies, Second Canadian Edition

Example text

Aristotelian scholars have found the combination of different ideas in Aristotle’s distinction between different categories intensely puzzling. These different aspects of Aristotle’s theory include the following: 36 CHAPTER 2 (11) (i) Different questions one can ask about a given entity, and hence different question words (and certain related phrases) in a language. (Cf. Ockham (Loux), pp. 8–9; Ackrill, p. 79; Gomperz, p. ) Several scholars have argued on this basis that Aristotle’s distinction is firmly based on the structure of Greek (Trendelenburg, Benveniste, Kahn).

32. 33. 34. CHAPTER 1 Go´mez-Lobo, ‘‘The So-called Question of Existence,’’ 73. Posterior Analytics A 1, 71a24–7. Posterior Analytics A 1, 71a11–16. Cf. Posterior Analytics A 22, 84a36–7. Posterior Analytics A 10, 76b11–16. See Posterior Analytics B 3, 90b24–5; 13, 96b22–3; 17, 99a20–24. Posterior Analytics 76b5–6. Posterior Analytics 76b6–10. Posterior Analytics 76b6–10. See Prior Analytics A 25. See Ian Muller, Philosophy of Mathematics and the Deductive Structure in Euclid’s Elements (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1981 ), 38.

At the same time, Aristotle’s theory of definitions of different kinds is a vivid example of what was said earlier about the interrogative structure of Aristotelian epistemology and methodology. What has now been seen implies that there literally is no stage of our knowledge of a science (apud Aristotle) when we have reached all (and only) the first principles of a science so that all that is needed henceforth is merely to draw logical conclusions from them. For it was seen that before proper scientific conclusions can be drawn from atomic premises, they must receive an existential force by means of other syllogistic inferences from primary premises of a science.

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