By Neil C. Rowe
Man made Intelligence via Prolog booklet
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Additional resources for Artificial Intelligence Through Prolog
Which people are jealous? Show the necessary Prolog query and its result. - a(X,Y), b(X,Y). with the database a(1,1). a(2,1). a(3,2). a(4,4). b(1,2). b(1,3). b(2,3). b(3,2). b(4,4). Without using a computer, what are all the answers that you will get to the query, in order (as you keep typing semicolons)? (b) Without using a computer, what does this query print out (as you keep typing semicolons)? - a(X,Y), b(X,Y), a(Y,Y). 3-9. - r(X,Y), s(Y,Z), not(r(Y,X)), not(s(Y,Y)). html with this database: r(a,b).
Matching alternatives More than one thing (value) can match (bind) a query variable. The Prolog interpreter will find the first, print it out, and stop and wait If just one is sufficient, type a carriage return. But to see the next answer (if any), type a semicolon (";"). We can keep typing semicolons, and it will keep finding new matches, until it can't find any more and it must answer no. - a_kind_of(X,ship). which means "Find me an X that's a kind of ship," the interpreter will first type X=enterprise and then if we type a semicolon it will type X=kennedy and then if we type a semicolon it will type no.
Html Implementing backtracking requires allocation of a pointer (Appendix C defines pointers) for every predicate expression in a query, a pointer to where in the database the interpreter last found a match for a predicate expression. So Prolog is more complicated to implement than conventional higher-level languages like Pascal that only need extra storage in the form of a stack for procedure calls (Appendix C defines stacks too). Prolog needs a stack for this purpose too, as you'll see in Chapter 4.