Biotextiles as medical implants by Martin W. King

By Martin W. King

Textiles play an important position within the manufacture of assorted scientific implants together with the substitute of diseased or non-functioning components of the physique. Biotextiles as clinical implants offers a useful unmarried resource of knowledge at the major different types of fabric fabrics and items used for scientific implants. Chapters within the first a part of the ebook are excited by the manufacture, houses and kinds of biotextiles used for scientific functions, whereas the second one a part of the e-book offers a concise evaluation of some of the clinical functions of biotextiles, together with stents, drug supply structures and scientific sutures. The publication is a useful reference for brands, designers, manufacturers of fabric implant fabrics. it is going to even be of curiosity to execs in the healthcare undefined, together with scientists, nurses and scholars.

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An innovative use of resorbable polymers is in the delivery of drugs, antimicrobials, growth factors and therapeutic agents. A detailed discussion of this is given in Chapter 9. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 Introduction xxxv The next two chapters give details about the materials, both resorbable and nonresorbable, used in surgical sutures (chapters 10 and 11). In addition to the traditional materials used in making sutures and their performance characteristics, new materials, some containing antibacterial agents and proangiogenic factors to accelerate healing, are covered in these discussions.

There is a hierarchy of structure in developing these products, and thus their physical and mechanical performance as well as their chemical stability characteristics can be controlled by engineering the structure at the © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 xxxiv Introduction polymer, fiber and textile assembly levels. Most products can be fabricated using one or more of the three long-established technologies of the textile industry; namely weaving, knitting and braiding. These basic textile assembly systems can be modified and used to produce seamless circular tubes of different sizes, characteristics and shapes, including those involving multiple limbs as well as those in which the diameter is tapered or varies along the length (Chapter 4).

This designation could be due to a number of factors, including that the device is ‘pre-amendment’. Yet, for some categories of dressings that are unclassified and described as preamendment, there are no submissions filed for the subcategory before 1991. Using the search word ‘dressing’ in the FDA classification database, there are 22 product codes (a product code is like a sub-classification) concerned with a biotextile-type dressing with ten different applicable regulations. This is just one example of the difficulty of determining how a biotextile may be regulated by the FDA.

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