By John A. Winterdyk, Kelly W. Sundberg
The occasions of September 11 and different ongoing terrorist threats have taken curiosity in nationwide protection and border defense to a heightened point of outrage. An exploration of the tendencies and transformation of border defense within the aftermath of September 11, Border safety within the Al-Qaeda period provides one of many first finished analyses of not just the effect and end result of Sep 11 on border defense but additionally its results in the broader foreign context. that includes contributions via an array of overseas specialists, this quantity explores border defense in 9 nations, starting from people with traditional practices to these with methods that symbolize the antithesis of the western international. It compares safety features in nations pointed out by way of Osama bin encumbered within the post-9/11 period as power pursuits for assault with a couple of that weren't without delay pointed out. for every state profiled, the authors supply, between different details: an outline of the background of terrorism and the level of any suspected terrorist job given that September 11 The definition of terrorism an outline of ways terrorist facts is dealt with via border safety an summary of border defense operations The effect of alterations to frame safety at the stream of voters, items, and foreigners Steps taken to enhance nationwide safeguard and the influence on voters The effect of border protection adjustments at the experience of sovereignty whereas a few of the demanding situations every one state faces are comparable, the authors show that there are differing ways given the background, tradition, geography, and politics of some of the nations profiled. Steeped within the wisdom of students from the nations represented, this quantity places a criminological concentrate on border safeguard and its position within the context of counterterrorism. this data can then be used to enhance more desirable border safety reforms.
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Extra info for Border Security in the Al-Qaeda Era
1 Mohammad Osama bin L aden Born in 1957 to a wealthy and prestigious family involved in the oil industry in Saudi Arabia and one of fifty-plus children, bin Laden was raised a strict Salafid Sunni Muslim. He has had several wives and fathered between 12 and 24 children over the years. FBI reports describe him as soft spoken and well mannered, and although not formally trained in the Sunni, he is considered extremely well versed about the faith. His orientation to jihad began in the late 1970s and early 1980s with his involvement in Maktab al-Khidamat, which was largely responsible for funneling money to support the Afghan War.
The European contributors will consider, relative to their situation, any implications as they might relate to the newest and smallest of the 26 EU commissions, the Justice, Freedom, and Security Commission. An examination about whether or not the al-Qaeda threat has contributed to changes in border security and impacted civil liberties and human rights. Without trying to be presumptive, some of the comparative issues that readers might consider bearing in mind as they read the contributions from the different countries include the following: • Although the French sociologist Emile Durkheim suggested that crime is functional and reflects a level of “disorganization” within society—or as Karl Menninger (1971, 4) wrote, “Society gets the crime it deserves”—we should ask the questions: Just how serious is the threat of terrorism to the countries represented in this book?
2004. What is a crime? Defining criminal conduct in contemporary society. 2004. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press. Lebovic, J. H. 2007. Deterring international terrorism and rough states. New York: Routledge. Lineberry, W. , ed. 1977. The struggle against terrorism. New York: H. W. Wilson. MacCormick, N. 1999. Questioning sovereignty. New York: Oxford University Press. Mueller, J. 2006. Overblown: How politicians and the terrorism industry inflate national security threats, and why we believe them.