Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France: The Spirit of the by R.L. Williams

By R.L. Williams

The e-book describes the thoughts that enabled botany, within the Eighteenth century, to grow to be an self reliant technological know-how, autonomous from drugs and herbalism. This encompassed the improvement of a competent procedure for plant type and the discovery of a nomenclature that may be universally utilized and understood. the major that enabled Linnaeus to plot his type method was once the invention of the sexuality of vegetation. The e-book, that is meant for the proficient basic reader, proceeds to demonstrate what percentage elements of French lifestyles have been permeated by means of this revolution in botany among approximately 1760 to 1815, a botanophilia occasionally inflated into botanomania. The reader may still emerge with a clearer figuring out of what the Enlightenment really used to be not like a few renowned second-hand principles today.

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When Nicolas was old enough to be out on his own, he was sent on excursions to more distant places, always on foot, as the father regarded such travel as pleasanter and more fruitful. Following which, he would write papers about his experience. From such papers that survived, Duchesne's eulogist could determine that such jaunts had taken hirn as far as Fontainebleau, Le Havre, Compiegne, and Reims. These outings were occasional supplements to his regular diet of Greek, Latin, English, Italian, history, geography, mathematics, drawing, and music.

Sis 58, no. 193 (Fall 1%7): 313-320; Larson, Reason and Experience: the Representation 01 Nature in the Work 01 Carl von Linm! (Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press, 1971), p. 65. Indispensable modern translations of the eleven aphorisms have been provided by J. L. Heller and W T. Stearn in the appendix ofLinnaeus, Species Plantarum, A Facsimile olthefirst edition (London: Unwin Brothers, 1959) 2: 96-97. And by A. J. " Archives 01 Natural History 20 (1993): 405-415. , Contemporary Perspectives on Linnaeus (New York & London: University Press of America, 1985), pp.

Lamarck is our authority in summing up the foundational character of Genera Plantarum and Species Plantarum: He praised Linnaeus for the quite necessary reform of nomendature, for having formed the most natural and best fixed genera, and for having made more species known than any other botanist, determining their character with the greatest exactness. And even though regretting that the sexual system disrupted a considerable number of natural afIlnities, Lamarck acknowledged that the system had come into general usage by the outset of the 19th century, because it was the only system, 10 II 12 Blunt, The Compleat Naturalist, p.

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