By Michael Whitby, Mary Whitby
The Chronicon Paschale is without doubt one of the significant materials of the Byzantine chronographic culture protecting the overdue old interval.
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Extra info for Chronicon Paschale 284-628
The museum had started in 1846 as a collection of weapons and antiquities housed in the former church of Hagia Eirene within the walls of the Palace of Topkapı. In 1869, the year of the first antiquities legislation, the Collection of Antiquities was renamed the Imperial Museum (Müze-i Hümayun), and the Grand Vizier Ali Pasha Beginnings: The Nineteenth-Century Museum ◆ 33 Figure 1. 8 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, view from Fifth Avenue, ca. 1900– 1910. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs) appointed Edward Goold, a teacher at the Imperial High School (Galatasaray), as its first director.
Public transportation, another key development in city planning at the time, worked hand in hand with museums, expanding their accessibility to large groups of people. All main European museums were prominently situated in city centers and surrounded by open spaces, be they squares or parks. The Louvre Museum, lodged in its enormous palace, was created as a result of the French Revolution. Opened in 1793 as the centralized art collection of the French nation, it was built of the royal art collections and those appropriated from the various palaces, churches, and monasteries after the revolution.
13 The new ferry stop at Gülhane Park. (Servet-i Fünun 47, no. 76 Electric trams replaced the horse-drawn ones in 1912, also during this active period under Cemil Pasha. The main tram line that connected the Galata Bridge to the heart of the historic peninsula had a stop at the entrance to Gülhane Park before reaching Hagia Sophia Square. From this stop to the Imperial Museum was a short walk up the hill, on a narrow, leafy street. The museum was hence easily accessible by the main mass transportation line, as well as being within walking distance from several busy centers of the city—among them, the Galata Bridge; the Eminönü ferry stop and quays; the central markets; Hagia Sophia Square and its new extension, Sultan Ahmed Park; and Divanyolu, the historic main avenue of the old city.