By Lars Chittka, James D. Thomson
Very important breakthroughs have lately been made in our realizing of the cognitive and sensory skills of pollinators, resembling how pollinators understand, memorize, and react to floral signs and rewards; how they paintings vegetation, circulate between inflorescences, and shipping pollen. those new findings have visible implications for the evolution of floral exhibit and variety, yet so much latest courses are scattered throughout a variety of journals in very various examine traditions. This e-book brings jointly notable students from many various fields of pollination biology, integrating the paintings of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to provide a multidisciplinary strategy.
Read Online or Download Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and Floral Evolution PDF
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Extra info for Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and Floral Evolution
J Anim Ecol 39:395–402 Galen C (1985) Regulation of seed set in Polemonium viscosum: ﬂoral scents, pollination and resources. Ecology 66:792–797 Galen C & Kevan PG (1980) Scent and color, ﬂoral polymorphisms and pollination biology in Polemonium viscosum Nutt. Am Midl Natur 104:281–289 17 18 robert j. gegear and terence m. laverty Gegear RJ & Laverty TM (1995) Effect of ﬂower complexity on relearning ﬂower handling skills in bumble bees. Can J Zool 73:2052–2058 Gegear RJ & Laverty TM (1998) How many ﬂower types can bumble bees forage on at the same time?
Such a claim has been made by Gould (1986) on the basis of vanishing bearings of C-bees taken at the release site. Gould’s observations could not be veriﬁed in any of our studies or those of other researchers (Wehner & Menzel 1990): route-trained animals always applied their SRM and ﬂew in the wrong direction. The vanishing bearings at the release sites were the only data available to Gould, and it is still unclear how he arrived at the conclusion that bees refer to geometric structure of spatial memory.
These topics are reviewed below. Intraspeciﬁc variation Intraspeciﬁc ﬂoral variation in single traits, particularly in ﬂower color, has been well documented (Kay 1978). , Darwin 1876; Manning 1957; Waser 1983; Goulson & Wright 1998). , Levin 1972; Kay 1976; Heinrich et al. 1977; Waser & Price 1981; Stanton 1987; see Smithson, this volume) or scent morphs (Galen & Kevan 1980; Galen 1985) of the same species. Preferences for particular morphs may vary from site to site, among different pollinator groups, and at different times of the year.