By J.L. Peterson
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Additional info for Computer Programs for Spelling Correction: An Experiment in Program Design
Hausser, Foundations of Computational Linguistics © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999 34 2. Technology and grarnmar In an unordered library without a catalog, the search for a certain book requires looking through the shelves (linear search). In the worst case the book in question happens to be in the last of them. A library catalog speeds up such searching because it replaces a linear search by specifying the exact address(es) ofthe physicallocation. Thus, a book may be found using the alphabetic order of the filing cards irrespective of how the actuallocations of the books are arranged.
In traditional grammar, phenomena of pragmatics have been handled in the separate discipline of rhetoric. This has been an obstac1e to integrating the analysis of language structure and language use. In theoretical linguistics, the distinction between semantics and pragmatics has evolved only haltingly. Because theoretical linguistics has not been based on a functional model of communication pragmatics has served mostly as the proverbial 'wastebasket' (Y. 40S). In computationallinguistics, the need for a systematic theory of pragmatics became most obvious in naturallanguage generation - as in dialogue systems or machine 14 The components phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, and semantics are part of the grammar proper because they deal with the structure of word forms, complex expressions, and sentences.
Examples are the complete texts of classical Greek and Latin, the complete Shakespeare, and the Encyclopedia Britannica, which are now available on CD-ROM. Compared to the printed version of a multi-volume edition, the electronic medium has the advantage of compactness, comfort, and speed. The information can usually be stored on a single CD-ROM. Instead of having to heave several volumes from the shelve and leafing through hundreds of pages by hand in order to find a particular passage, the use of the CD-ROM merely requires typing in the key words.