Contemporary Kazaks: Cultural and Social Perspectives by Ingvar Svanberg

By Ingvar Svanberg

This is the 1st quantity of box paintings, in accordance with western ethnological normal, in regards to the Kazakhs of Kazakhstan when you consider that Alfred E. Hudson's paintings released in 1938. according to fieldwork performed through the zone, a number of the articles mirror the modern lifetime of rural and concrete Kazakhs. a typical topic is the socio-cultural features of ways their lifestyle has replaced due to the fact independence.

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Were of course also part of the individual’s social network. In the case of scholars, it was also often of great value to have good contacts in other Soviet republics. Such contacts could, for example, be valuable if, for various reasons, one experienced difficulty in attaining an academic degree in one’s own republic. In such cases one could possibly have a dissertation approved in a neighbouring republic which had exactly the same educational institutions. If the kinship dimension was missing then the relationship would lack precisely that aspect of mutual obligation and rights which characterised the relationship between two related people.

At the same time it soon became clear that drastic changes would be made to the education system and that this would affect the status and privileges which scholars had previously enjoyed. All agreed that it was the responsibility of the intelligentsia to define what the new national reconstruction should comprise. This, however, was not synonymous with saying that scholars were prepared to cooperate in the project. They did in fact compete with each other about which disciplines should have an influence on the new national reconstruction.

The social consequences of the market economy During the short time that Kazakstan has been an independent republic, there have been some drastic changes. The brief period of euphoria immediately following independence has been succeeded by a general economic crisis. The introduction of a market economy has led to a flood of consumer goods from the West and China into Kazakstan. State subsidies on goods and services have been withdrawn without any equivalent rise in wages. The income of the state has fallen drastically, which in turn has resulted in state employees often being months behind in receiving their wages.

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